Practice Questions For Voices and Speeches
DIRECTIONS for the questions: A sentence has been given in Active Voice. Out of the five/four alternatives suggested select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive Voice.
1. Her manners pleased us very much.
- We were very much pleased on her manners.
- We are very much pleased with her manners.
- We pleased her very much with manners.
- We were very much pleased with her manners.
For past indefinite tense the Auxiliary verb in active voice: was/were and in place of 'us' , subject pronoun 'we' will be used.
2. The driver was blowing the horn.
- The horn was blown by the driver.
- The horn was being blown by the driver.
- The horn has been blown by the driver.
- The horn is being blown by the driver.
For past continuous tense the structure in the passive voice will be 'Auxiliary verb in passive voice: was being/were being'.
3. The thief was caught by the police.
- The police had been trying to catch the thief
- Police has caught the thief
- The thief has been caught by police
- The police caught the thief
From passive to active:
The thief (Subject) was caught (verb in past participle form) by the police (Object).
Now subject and object will interchange places and verb will be in past but without aux. verb (Was). By will be dropped.
The police caught the thief
4. The hunter shot the tiger
- The tiger was killed by the hunter
- Hunter was trying to shoot the tiger
- The tiger was shot by the hunter
- Hunter shot at the tiger
From active to passive:
The hunter (subject) shot (verb in past tense) the tiger(object)
Now subject and object will interchange. Verb will be in past participle form and by will be added.
The tiger was shot by the hunter.
5. They drew a circle in the morning
- A circle was being drawn by them in the morning
- A circle was drawn by them in the morning
- In the morning a circle have been drawn by them
- A circle has been drawing since morning
Option 1- is past continuous.
Option 2- is simple past hence it is in coherence with the question statement. For past indefinite (simple past), in passive voice, was+ third form of the verb+ them +by. Hence, correct.
Option 3- circle is singular so we should use singular form of verb i.e., has.
Option 4- The circle is not drawing. Hence, incorrect.
6. They will demolish the entire block
- The entire block is being demolished
- The block may be demolished entirely
- The entire block will have to be demolished by them
- The entire block will be demolished by them
Option 1-'Present continuous' is not the right form here.
Option 2- 'may' expresses possibility, whereas the event is certain as it uses 'will' in the question statement.
Option 3- 'will have to be' is verbose.
Option 4- is simple future tense. In simple future tense , while converting active voice into passive voice , 'will' is changed into 'will be''. Hence, correct.
7. We have warned you
- You have been warned by us
- We have you warned
- Warned you have been
- Have you been warned
Option 1- In present perfect tense the structure is 'have been/ third form/by' is the correct form. Hence, correct.
Options 2,3 and 4 don't follow this format. Hence, incorrect.
8. The shopkeeper lowered the prices
- The prices lowered the shopkeeper
- The prices were lowered by the shopkeeper
- Down went the prices
- The shopkeeper got down the prices
The passive structure will be ‘was/were/ third form of the verb/ by…..
Since, prices is plural – were to be used. So, option B is correct.
9. They have published all the details of the invention
- All the details of the invention have been published by them
- The publication of the details of invention was done by them
- All the details have been invented by the publishers
- All the inventions have been detailed by them
For present perfect tense the structure is has/have been/third form of the verb/by….
Since, details – Have must be used.
10. He teaches us grammar
- Grammar was taught to us by him
- We are taught grammar by him
- Grammar will be taught to us by him
- We were teached grammar by him
For simple present the structure will be ‘is/am/are/ third form/ by/ …object.
Since, We – are must be used.
11. All trust an honest person.
- Honest people are trusted.
- An honest person is trusted by all.
- The honest person is trusted by all.
- Honesty is widely accepted.
- None of these.
The active voice is in 'Simple Present Tense', so the passive will be formed by using is/am/are + Past Participle.
Since, An honest Person – is must be used.
12. In winter people do not take a bath.
- No bath is taken by people in winter.
- A bath is not taken by people in winter.
- People don’t take bath in winter.
- A bath is not taken by the people in winter.
- None of these.
The active voice is in 'Simple Present Tense', so the passive will be formed by using is/am/are +Past Participle.
13. Sugar is grown in Cuba
- They grow sugar in Cuba
- Sugar grows Cuba
- Sugar grew in Cuba
- None of these.
Option 1 is the best answer. As we need an agent here to make sugar grow.
A sentence has been given in Direct Speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect Speech.
14. Judge exclaimed no one is above law
- Judge told no one is above law
- Judge ordered that no one is above law
- Judge asked no one is above law
- Judge said no one was above the law.
Usage of 'order' makes the best combination with the designation or position of Judge.
15. His father says “Honesty is the best policy”
- His father called honesty is the best policy
- His father asked if honesty is the best policy
- His father exclaimed that honesty is the best policy
- His father says that honesty is the best policy
After says if we place that then we can place the quote statement as it is after 'that' in indirect form of speech.
16. Rama said, 'I am very busy now.'
- Rama said that he was very busy then
- Rama said that he would be very busy now,
- Rama said that he is very busy then.
- Rama said that he is very busy now.
Simple present tense changes into simple past; first person in the reported speech changes as per the subject in the given sentence. The use of ‘that’ is mandatory.
17. He said to him,' Is not your name Khalid?'
- He said that his name was Khalid
- He inquired whether his name was not Khalid
- He asked is his name was not Khalid
- He asked why his name was Khalid
In interrogative sentences conjunction 'if' or 'whether' is used in place of that' in the indirect speech and question mark is removed. Simple present will change into simple past.
18. All said to the beggar, 'I know you very well’.
- Ali recognized the beggar
- Ali told the beggar that he knew him very well
- Beggar knew Ali too
- Beggar was recognized by Ali
Direct to indirect:
Said to should be changed to told.
Inverted commas should be dropped and that should be added.
The sentence inside inverted commas should be changed into past tense.
Pronouns changed from 1stperson to 2nd person and from 2nd person to 3rd. Ali told the beggar that he knew him very well.
19. He said, "Yes, I'll come and see you."
- He accepted that he will come and see me
- He said that he will come and see me
- He agreed that he will come and see me
- He said that he would come and see me
while changing the 'direct speech' into 'indirect speech' in place of comma and inverted comma) 'that' is used and first person in the reported speech is changed as the subject of the reporting verb and 'will changes into 'would'. So 'I' has been changed to 'he' and 'would' in place of 'will'.
20. Ram remarked “What a wonderful day!”
- Ram exclaimed that it was a wonderful day
- Ram asked if it was a wonderful day
- Ram said what a wonderful day
- Ram asked what a wonderful day
Due to the usage of exclamation mark exclaimed is the right option
21. The monk said to the followers “Anger kills Intellect”
- The monk said to the followers anger kills intellect
- The monk told the followers that anger kills intellect
- The monk asked followers if anger kills intellect
- The monk told the followers that anger has killed intellect
The correct usage is of told; usage of has is wrong in choice 4
22. The poor beggar said, "O God, have mercy on my soul".
- The poor beggar prayed to God to have mercy on his soul.
- The poor beggar, invoking God, implored him to have mercy on his soul.
- The poor beggar exclaimed that God, have mercy on his soul.
- The poor beggar told God to have mercy on his soul.
Here the communication is with God.... And we pray to God. Sentences containing expressions of good wishes, prayer for someone or desires are called optative sentences. The reporting verb is changed according to the mood of the expression Usually 'that' conjunction is used in such cases and the reported speech is changed into assertive. Invoke means call on (a deity or spirit) in prayer, as a witness, or for inspiration. Here we need simple prayer. This makes option A as the obvious choice.
23. John's father reminded him to take his umbrella.
- John's father said, "Remember your umbrella, John?"
- "Here, is your umbrella John," said his father.
- "Are you going to take your umbrella or not?" said John to his father.
- "Don't forget to take your umbrella, John,” said his father.
In the direct form "reminded " will be substituted by "Do not forget to take ".
So, option D is correct.
24. He swore in the name of God that he was ignorant of the matter.
- He said, “I’m ignorant by God
- He declared, “God knows I was ignorant of the matter.”
- He said, “By God! I’m ignorant of the matter.”
- He said he was ignorant of God
The sentence in Indirect Speech is in Simple Past Passive Tense. In Direct Speech the sentence will change to Simple Present. So, options B and D are wrong.
In between A and C, the right usage is in C. So, option C is the correct answer.
25. Raj said, “I’m teaching English online”
- Raj told I am teaching English online
- Raj asked me if I was teaching English online
- Raj said he was teaching English online
- Raj ordered that I am teaching English online
I’m means I am which refers to 'Raj' and needs to be changed to He was in form of indirect speech.
The only option with ‘he’ in the indirect form is option C.