Statement and Conclusion

17 May 2020


Statement and conclusion is basically a concept from logical reasoning section. In this section, a statement will be given followed by a set of conclusions. You need to choose the conclusion that logically follows the statement the most appropriate.

Lets practice some questions from Statement and conclusion concept.


Practice Questions For Statement and Conclusion

Q1) Statement: The old order changed yielding place to new.

Conclusions:

I. Change is the law of nature.

II. Discard old ideas because they are old.

A) Only conclusion I follows

B) Only conclusion II follows

C)  Either I or II follows

D) Neither I nor II follows

Solution :


Q2) Statement : The national norm is 100 beds per thousand population but in this state it is 150 beds per thousand.

Conclusions :

I. Our national norm is appropriate.

II. The state's health system is taking adequate care in this regard.

A) Only conclusion I follows

B) Only conclusion II follows

C)  Either I or II follows

D) Neither I nor II follows

Solution :


Q3) Statement : A large majority of the work force in India is unorganised. Most of them earn either the minimum or uncertain wages while others are engaged in sundry jobs. 

Conclusions :

I. The workers in the organised sector get better facilities and stay longer in their jobs.

II. Some workers in the unorganised sector of the work force have a regular and fixed income.

A) Only conclusion I follows

B) Only conclusion II follows

C)  Either I or II follows

D) Neither I nor II follows

Solution :


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Q4) Statement : Until our country achieves economic equality, political freedom and democracy would be meaningless.

Conclusions :

I. Political freedom and democracy go hand in hand.

II. Economic equality leads to real political freedom and democracy.

A) Only conclusion I follows

B) Only conclusion II follows

C)  Either I or II follows

D) Neither I nor II follows

Solution :


Q5) Statements: In a one day cricket match, the total runs made by a team were 200. Out of these 160 runs were made by spinners. 

Conclusions: 

I. 80% of the team consists of spinners. 

II. The opening batsmen were spinners. 

A) Only conclusion I follows

B) Only conclusion II follows

C)  Either I or II follows

D) Neither I nor II follows

Solution :

According to the statement, 80% of the total runs were made by spinners. So, I does not follow. Nothing about the opening batsmen is mentioned in the statement. So, II also does not follow. 

Q6) Statements: The old order changed yielding place to new. 

Conclusions: 

I. Change is the law of nature. 

II. Discard old ideas because they are old. 

A) Only conclusion I follows

B) Only conclusion II follows

C)  Either I or II follows

D) Neither I nor II follows

Solution :

Clearly, I directly follows from the given statement. Also, it is mentioned that old ideas are replaced by new ones, as thinking changes with the progressing time. So, II does not follow. 

Q7) Statements: Government has spoiled many top ranking financial institutions by appointing bureaucrats as Directors of these institutions. 

Conclusions: 

I. Government should appoint Directors of the financial institutes taking into consideration the expertise of the person in the area of finance. 

II. The Director of the financial institute should have expertise commensurate with the financial work carried out by the institute. 

A) Only conclusion I follows

B) Only conclusion II follows

C) Either I or II follows

D) Both I and II follows

Solution :

According to the statement, Government has spoiled financial institutions by appointing bureaucrats as Directors. This means that only those persons should be appointed as Directors who are experts in finance and are acquainted with the financial work of the institute. So, both I and II follow. 

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Q8) Statements: Population increase coupled with depleting resources is going to be the scenario of many developing countries in days to come. 

Conclusions: 

I. The population of developing countries will not continue to increase in future. 

II. It will be very difficult for the governments of developing countries to provide its people decent quality of life.

A) Only conclusion I follows

B) Only conclusion II follows

C) Either I or II follows

D) Both I and II follows

Solution :

The fact given in I is quite contrary to the given statement. So, I does not follow. II mentions the direct implications of the state discussed in the statement. Thus, II follows.

Q9) Statements: Prime age school-going children in urban India have now become avid as well as more regular viewers of television, even in households without a TV. As a result there has been an alarming decline in the extent of readership of newspapers. 

Conclusions: 

I. Method of increasing the readership of newspapers should be devised. 

II. A team of experts should be sent to other countries to study the impact of TV. on the readership of newspapers. 

A) Only conclusion I follows

B) Only conclusion II follows

C) Either I or II follows

D) Neither I nor II follows

Solution :

The statement concentrates on the increasing viewership of TV. and does not stress either on increasing the readership of newspapers or making studies regarding the same. So, neither I nor II follows. 

Q10) Statements: In Japan, the incidence of stomach cancer is very high, while that of bowel cancer is very low. But Japanese immigrate to Hawaii, this is reversed - the rate of bowel cancer increases but the rate of stomach cancer is reduced in the next generation. All this is related to nutrition - the diets of Japanese in Hawaii are different than those in Japan. 

Conclusions: 

I. The same diet as in Hawaii should be propagated in Japan also. 

II. Bowel cancer is less severe than stomach cancer. 

A) Only conclusion I follows

B) Only conclusion II follows

C) Either I or II follows

D) Neither I nor II follows

Solution :

The statement neither propagates the diet of any of the countries nor compares the two types of cancer. So, neither I nor II follows. 

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